I love them! Now that the sun and good weather are here, I always end up with freckled skin (especially on my face). However, I have never known why my skin gets freckled and other people don't. Keep reading and I'll tell you!
What are freckles?
Freckles (or ephelides ) are small, flat, brown spots ; that is, skin pigmentation , which appears on the face , above all, due to the melanin in our body . For freckles to appear on our epidermis , the same process occurs in our body as when we tan thanks to the sun (this process is called melanogenesis ). However, in the case of freckles , the distribution of melanin is carried out irregularly , creating pigmentation deposits in specific points of the skin .
What people have freckles?
It seems that I belong to a rather special group of people, since only 5% of the population have freckled skin . I thought we were many more!
Freckles almost always appear in people belonging to phototype 1 or 2 ; that is, in those with a fair complexion and light-colored hair (especially people with red hair ).
On the other hand, in terms of age , it should be noted that, although freckles are not a characteristic of babies, boys and girls between the ages of 5 and 20 do tend to develop them more. In any case, adults don't usually have many freckles either, so over time people with freckled skin tend to "lose them" (although for now I don't notice the difference with age).
Are freckles genetic?
Yes, freckles are genetic . Therefore, if your face is very freckled , surely you have inherited it from a relative . Haven't you noticed until now? This is because the people who present them have a genetic predisposition to have freckles , thanks to the presence of the melanocortin-1 MC1R receptor gene variant. This gene is also involved in determining our skin tone and hair color .
Where do freckles appear?
Although the main area where they appear is on the face , freckled skin can be present in any area of our body exposed to UV rays . Therefore, freckles on the skin from the sun are not at all strange. Thus, the face , hands , arms , legs , neck and shoulders are usually areas with many freckles . These, moreover, usually appear in large groups and are quite tiny .
Are freckles bad?
Freckles are not a skin disorder , but they are small lesions caused by solar radiation ; that is, as we have highlighted before, freckles can disappear and do not cause any skin disorder or disease . However, it is true that people with freckled skin are more at risk of sunburn or (rarely) skin cancer , so it is imperative that they protect themselves from UV rays . This is the main reason why you have to keep an eye on them to see their evolution , since on many occasions the symptoms of this type of disease -such as melanomas- are confused with freckles since they are quite similar.
What types of freckles are there?
Freckles can be simple or from sunburn . The first, simple freckles , are small, round spots that can be acquired over the years or, instead, be from birth. On the other hand, freckles from sunburn are darker pigmentation , with irregular borders and larger than simple freckles. Also, they are mostly present on the back and shoulders .
What do you say? Do you also have freckled skin ? If so, you see that you don't have to worry (although you should visit the dermatologist from time to time).