Summer arrives and with it days at the beach or pool, walks at sunset and hot days. So, and although many people love this season of the year, it is important to take into account the danger that our skin suffers from exposure to the sun since, as a result, it can present sunburn... Here it is! I explain everything about it!
Summer is the time of year when more cases of sunburn are recorded . Thus, it could be said that it is the season in which our skin is most in danger (especially if we do not take the necessary measures to protect it from the sun ).
What is a sunburn?
Sunburns are damage to our skin due to exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays emitted by the sun . These are seen in the epidermis as a result of its redness and, in most cases, pain , swelling , itching or even burning in the affected area.
What types of sunburn are there?
However, not all sunburns have the same severity , so they do not all have the same symptoms or affect the skin in the same way .
- First degree burns: it is the mildest type of burn , since it only damages the epidermis ( outermost layer of the skin ). This causes redness, tightness and pain in the area.
- Second degree burns: the second degree burn exceeds the epidermis , also affecting some internal layers of the skin . In this way, it not only causes redness and pain of the skin , but it can also present inflammation and blisters .
- Third degree burns: this type of burn is the most serious and dangerous for our skin, since it affects all layers of the skin (thus reaching the dermis -deepest layer-). However, it is not usually the most annoying burn , since the sensation of heat is noticeably altered .
How to relieve sunburn?
The only definitive solution for sunburn is prevention . Avoid exposure to the sun during the hours of greatest intensity and always protect your skin and eyes in bright situations . Last (but not least), apply sunscreen every day of the year since, even if you don't see sun , ultraviolet rays affect your body anyway.
If you still have not been able to avoid sunburn , keep in mind the following tips to treat skin burns :
- Do not pop the blisters (if any): Popping the blisters when you get a sunburn only delays the healing of the sunburn, in turn increasing the risk of infection.
- Drink a lot of water: it is important to hydrate the body both inside and out . So, drink at least 1.5 liters of water a day.
- See a dermatologist: the more serious the burn , the more important it is to go to a dermatologist to diagnose you and recommend the best for your case.